Settlement Agreement in Principle
On July 2, 2015, BP Plc announced an agreement in principle to settle the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill disaster. On October 5, 2015 the Department of Justice released the proposed Consent Decree intended to formalize the agreement. Public comment closed on December 4, 2015. The Consent Decree was finalized. More information is available here.
Connect with these links to follow the progress of oil spill related entities and activities.
- Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative (GoMRI)
- National Academies of Science’ (NAS) Gulf Research Program
- Natural Damage Resource Assessment (NRDA)
- RESTORE Act and associated programs
- National American Wetlands Conservation Act Fund (NAWCA)
- National Fish and Wildlife Foundation’s (NFWF) Gulf Environmental Benefit Fund
- NOAA RESTORE ACT Science Program
The science and restoration programs working in the Gulf of Mexico understand the need for stakeholders to remain informed of future funding opportunities in the region. They have developed a three-year calendar consolidating planned funding opportunities. Get a copy of the calendar.
Deepwater Horizon Project Tracker
The Deepwater Horizon (DWH) Project Tracker is a centralized directory of projects funded as a result of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. It is the most comprehensive picture of the location, type, cost, funding sources, and scope of Gulf of Mexico oil spill-related recovery, restoration, and research projects. Each project snapshot includes a brief project description, a point of contact, and a link to access detailed project information. There are over 600 projects in in the Tracker.
Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative
The Gulf of Mexico Alliance manages the operational and non-scientific aspects associated with Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative (GoMRI), which includes proposal planning and preparation, administer research grants, implement research database, budget and financial reporting, website management, and program communications and outreach. Now approaching nearly ten years since the Deepwater Horizon disaster, the GoMRI Research Board is developing a comprehensive scientific synthesis of what they’ve learned.
Natural Resource Damage Assessment
State and Federal Trustees completed the restoration scoping process for the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. The process allowed the NRDA Trustees to take a comprehensive look at the types of restoration required to offset potential impacts from the spill on habitat, fish, wildlife and human use of those resources. In October 2015, the U.S. Department of Justice and the five U.S. Gulf States reached a settlement agreement with BP to resolve civil claims over the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. The Programmatic Damage Assessment and Restoration Plan (PDARP) and Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) is the restoration plan guiding the Trustees.
The Co-Trustees include five Federal agencies (Department of Commerce – NOAA, Department of the Interior, Department of Defense, EPA and Department of Agriculture) and the five Gulf States (Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas). With the restoration plan finalized, restoration areas have been established. Each restoration area has a Trustee Implementation Group (TIG) that comprises state agency and federal agency representatives. There are active TIGs for Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas, Region-wide, and Open Ocean.
Phases I, II, III, IV and V of Early Restoration have funded projects. A full review of these projects and all other NRDA related information can be found on NOAA’s Gulf Spill Restoration website. A story map summarizes current projects. General public NRDA explanations are available through the Environmental Law Institute.
On July 2012, the Resources and Ecosystems Sustainability, Tourist Opportunities, and Revived Economies of the Gulf Coast States Act (RESTORE Act) passed into law. The Act established a new Trust Fund in the Treasury of the United States, known as the Gulf Coast Restoration Trust Fund. It received 80% of the civil penalties paid after July 6, 2012, under the Federal Water Pollution Control Act in connection with the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Under the Act, amounts in the Trust Fund are available for programs, projects, and activities that restore and protect the environment and economy of the Gulf Coast region.
Much anticipated U.S. Treasury Department rules were released August 13, 2014. On December 14, 2015, the Final Rule was published in the Federal Register. It became effective February 12, 2016. It allows for Gulf Coast states and municipalities to receive funding for environmental restoration and economic development projects. The Final Rule outlines grant programs for Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas that established by the RESTORE Act.
Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Council: Section 1603 of the RESTORE Act established the Council, which is comprised of the Governors of the five Gulf Coast States and Cabinet-level officials from six federal agencies. The Council receives 30% of the RESTORE Act Trust Funds. The final comprehensive plan, “Restoring the Gulf Coast’s Ecosystem & Economy” addresses actions needed for the Gulf region. Fact sheets and additional information are available on RestoreTheGulf.gov. On December 9, 2015,the Council voted on the Initial Funded Priorities List. At the same meeting, the regulation for the Spill Impact Component was approved. This regulation established a formula to allocate funds among the Gulf States.
In September 2016, the Council released a Draft Comprehensive Plan Update. The updates address recent developments in Gulf restoration such as the resolution of civil claims against BP for the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, a source of future funding for the Council’s projects. They also captured important public input and lessons learned from the process of developing and approving its initial Funded Priorities List (FPL). Restoration activities funded through the RESTORE Act, and positions the Council made for the most effective use of funds, were initiated in 2017 and continue. Annual reports to Congress are available up through 2018.
Gulf States: In addition to being members of the Restoration Council, the five Gulf States will receive individual portions of the RESTORE Act Trust Funds. Section 1601 of the RESTORE Act evenly divides 35% of the Trust Funds among the five Gulf States, while Section 1602 distributes 30% of the Trust Funds to the Gulf States based on a damage and population formula. Each state is approaching comprehensive restoration and recovery efforts in a different manner.
Alabama:The Alabama Gulf Coast Recovery Council (AGCRC) is a 10-member council comprised of state and local officials, created with the passage of the RESTORE Act in 2012. The AGCRC adopted a Strategy Map and tapped the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources (ADCNR) to serve as administrator. For additional information on the AGCRC, visit restorealabama.org. To learn about other state-specific restoration activities, including NRDA, NFWF and AGCRC, visit www.alabamacoastalrestoration.org. The AGCRC approved the Marine Environmental Sciences Consortium (Dauphin Island Sea Lab) as the State’s Center of Excellence on December 4, 2015. The center will be called the Alabama Center of Excellence or ACE. The state has active projects and a map of projects is available.
Mississippi: The Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ) developed GoCoast 2020 with vast stakeholder input. GoCoast 2020 provides recommendations for restoration initiatives. MDEQ maintains a project submission portal and other pertinent information on their website. A Story Map displays approved projects. The Mississippi Based RESTORE Act Center of Excellence (MBRACE) was chosen as the Mississippi Center of Excellence.
Florida: The Florida Department of Environmental Protection is the lead agency for responding to impacts and the resulting restoration process. The FDEP maintains a website complete with resources, links, and newsletters, including an overview of Florida’s response to the oil spill. Each impacted county will engage directly with their communities through the Gulf Consortium and Florida Association of Counties. Some counties have dedicated web pages or sites – find yours. An online map tool is available to search all Florida proposed projects. The Florida Institute of Oceanography (FIO) is responsible for FLRACEP, the Florida RESTORE Act Centers of Excellence Program. The Center conducted research award grant periods in 2005, 2016, and 2019.
Louisiana: Restoration in Louisiana is conducted according to the Louisiana Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority’s Coastal Master Plan. It is based on a two-year analysis involving some of the state’s best scientists as well as national and international specialists. The state used this analysis to select 109 high performing projects that could deliver measurable benefits to their communities and coastal ecosystem over the coming decades. The state is represented on the RESTORE Council by the Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority (CPRA). Information on Louisiana’s restoration efforts can be found by visiting CPRA’s site. The Water Institute of the Gulf is the RESTORE Act Center of Excellence for Louisiana.
Texas: Restore the Texas Coast is the Texas website source of information for coastal restoration funding from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Two Consortia were selected to establish Center of Excellence in Texas and are led by the University of Houston: Subsea Systems Institute; and Texas A&M University at Corpus Christi: Texas OneGulf. The state announced the Texas State Expenditure Plan (SEP) was approved by the RESTORE Council in March 2019.
NOAA RESTORE Science Program: Under Section 1604 of the RESTORE Act, 2.5% of the Clean Water Act fines is dedicated to the Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Science, Observations, Monitoring and Technology Program (a.k.a.: NOAA RESTORE Act Science Program). Comprehensive information related to this program, including the science plan, funding opportunities, announcements, and other information can be found on the NOAA RESTORE Science Program website. A Science Program Framework is available that communicates NOAA’s intent, purpose and rationale for how it will execute the Program according to its responsibilities under the RESTORE Act. A future funding opportunities calendar is available here.
Research Centers of Excellence: Under Section 1605 of the RESTORE Act, 2.5% of the Clean Water Act fines levied for the Deepwater Horizon oil spill are contributed to the Gulf Coast Restoration Trust Fund, and dedicated to Research Centers of Excellence in each of the five Gulf States. All states have determined their centers.
National Academy of Sciences’ Gulf Research Program
As part of the legal settlements with companies involved in the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, the National Academy of Sciences established a 30-year research program focused on the human health, environmental protection, and oil system safety in the Gulf of Mexico. An appointed Advisory Group released, “Gulf Research Program: A Strategic Vision.” Funding opportunities are planned regularly. Information about the NAS Gulf Research Program can be found on the program site.
As part of the criminal plea agreements with companies involved in the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF) established the Gulf Environmental Benefit Fund for projects benefiting the natural resources of the Gulf Coast that were impacted by the spill. NFWF works in conjunction with the Gulf States to identify projects that will remedy harm and eliminate or reduce future harm to natural resources. On November 15, 2016, NFWF announced $370 of new restoration projects in its fourth round of grants. For more information go to NFWF’s Gulf Environmental Benefit Fund.
As part of the criminal plea agreement involving the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, the National American Wetlands Conservation Act Fund is receiving $100,000,000 for the purpose of wetlands restoration and conservation benefiting migratory bird species and other wildlife affected by the oil spill. More information can be found at the NAWCA’s Gulf Restoration site. You can also read about NAWCA through the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service here.